Оливки и оливковое масло.
Почти на каждой экскурсии вас привезут на маслобойню и расскажут процесс приготовления оливкового масла.
❗Знаете ли вы, что оливки собирают 1 раз в 2 года? Вовсе не каждый год❗
🔹Сбор оливок на Крите происходит с октября по февраль.
🔹У большинства семей есть свой сад из оливковых деревьев, а вот масло можно получить лишь на больших производствах. В некоторых районах есть профсоюз, там населению помогают с переработкой, затем масло идёт на продажу, а где-то разрешают перерабатывать оливки в масло только для личных нужд.
🔹Из-за особенностей рельефа, оливки на Крите собирают практически вручную - под деревом расстилают сетки, а плоды сбивают с помощью специальных щёток.
❗Собранные оливки необходимо переработать в течение 8 часов, иначе они испортятся❗
🔹Раньше для первичной обработки оливок использовали каменные жернова, которые приводились в движение ослами. Затем перетертую массу клали под пресс и таким образом получали оливковое масло холодного отжима.
❗Ни в коем случае нельзя есть оливки сразу с дерева, ведь это не только невкусно, но и опасно - можно отравиться веществами, котопые содержатся в свежих оливках.❗
🚩Греция, Крит, деревушка Пиза, маслобойня Вассилакис. #Греция#Крит#вассилакис#олива#оливки#оливковоемасло#масло#дерево#история#природа #Greece#Crete#vassilakis#olive#olives#oliveoil#oil#tree#history#nature
Όπου υπάρχει αγάπη, υπάρχει ζωή Είναι η αγάπη που κάνει τον κόσμο να γυρίζει
Μην ψάξεις ποτέ να βρεις κάτι τέλειο για να το αγαπήσεις. Αγάπησε κάτι ατελές και τελειοποίησε το με την αγάπη σου! #crete#nightout#babygirlloading 🎀⏳
0 2413 minutes ago
Ce n'est pas le lieu qui fait le paradis, mais bien celui avec qui tu partages ces moments!
Ready for takeoff with the “Spetsai” at an airbase in Aydin, (Ancient Greek the city was called Anthea Ανθέα) Turkey, 1920.
Photographer Dimosthenis Kyrmizakis
Second Photo - Airco De Havilland D.H.9 bomber of the Hellenic Naval Air Service in Smyrna 1919
Photographer unknown #oldgreekphotos
5 59729 August, 2019
Κωνσταντινούπολις Constantinople 1919
It is commonly believed that the last Divine Liturgy in Hagia Sophia in Constantinople took place on May 28, 1453. However, the last Divine Liturgy to really take place in Hagia Sophia was on the 19th of January in 1919, which was officiated by Papa Lefteris Noufrakis (1872-1941)The story of this historic event is below.
A group of Greek officers, led by the brave Cretan, together with the Brigadier Frantzis, Major Liaromatis, Captain Stamatios and Lieutenant Nicholas gazed at the City and Hagia Sophia from the ship, hiding deep in their hearts their great secret, their great decision which they made the previous night, after the proposal and strong insistence of the lion-hearted Cretan Papa Lefteris Noufrakis. They were to disembark in the City and liturgize in Hagia Sophia!
All of them were skeptical when they heard Papa Lefteris propose this great enterprise. They knew that things were very difficult.
The Liturgy meanwhile reached its most sacred point – the Anaphora. With an emotional voice Papa Lefteris said: “Your own of Your own, we offer to You, for all and through all.” All the officers knelt and the voice of Major Liaromatis could be heard chanting: “We sing to You, we bless You, we thank You, Lord, and we pray to You, our God.” The Divine Liturgy in Hagia Sophia was completed. It was the dream of dozens of generations of Greeks, and it had become a reality. Papa Noufrakis and the four officers were ready to leave and return to the ship. Hagia Sophia however was full of Turks, who began to become enraged and aggressive when they realized what happened. The Greeks were in immediate danger. But they did not hesitate, and approached each other, becoming as “one body,” and they proceeded towards the exit.
The Turks were ready to attack them, when a Turkish official presented himself with others following him, saying: “Let them pass.” He said it with hatred. He wanted to paint his hands with their blood, but at that moment this is how things had to be, and it was not in the interest of their country nor necessary to kill five Roman officers in Hagia Sophia.
Photographer unknown #oldgreekphotos
21 74529 August, 2019
Gerasimos Raftopoulos was born in Fiskardo in Kefalonia island in 1900 and became the youngest Greek officer in history.
With the declaration of the First Balkan War (October 1912), the little Raftopoulos, who then worked as a servant in Pylos, sought a way to join in the Greek army.
Because of his very young age, he was a twelve years old child, this was not possible but Gerasimos managed to smuggle to Larissa where he eventually joined as auxiliary staff of the 18th Infantry Regiment of IV Division.
He took part in the Battle of Sarantaporus when he succeeded in looting a Turkish officer and for his bravery was given to him a Manlicher-Schonauer rifle.
He then took part in the Battle of Kilkis-Lachana (Second Balkan War), where he was captured by the Bulgarian soldiers. However, by escaping their attention, he grabbed a gun and shot at them killing three of them and an officer, while the rest of them fled.
On his return to the lines of the Greek army, he met and saved a wounded Greek Evzone, and for this act he was promoted to the rank of a Corporal, on August 28, 1913.
Photographer unknown #oldgreekphotos
13 78628 August, 2019
Σμύρνη Smyrna in 1922
The Tokei Maru, a Japanese Ship that saved the Greeks at Smyrna in September 1922.
Great Fire at Smyrna Καταστροφή της Σμύρνης
The most remarkable incident of Japanese humanitarianism occurred when the captain and crew of a Japanese ship saved many lives during the 1922 Smyrna Catastrophe. Hundreds of thousands of Armenian and Greek refugees had fled to the docks of Smyrna after Turkish nationalist troops had entered and occupied the city on September 9, 1922.
About twenty allied ships were in the harbor watching the events unfold. A fire broke out in Smyrna’s Armenian quarter four days later, which eventually ended up destroying most of the city. The captain of the Japanese merchant ship decided to take it upon himself to rescue the desperate refugees. “The whole cargo went overboard into the dirty waters of the harbor, and the freighter was loaded with several hundred refugees, who were taken to Piraeus and landed in safety on Greek shores,” The Japanese captain was touched by the massacres and refugee appeals and sent out small craft to pick up as many refugees as possible. The Kemalists circled the boats threatening to sink them. He told the Kemalists that in the case of even harming a refugee’s hair, he would consider it as an insult to the Japanese flag and would demand immediate satisfaction.
The humanitarian actions of the Japanese ship have also been recorded by Armenian and Greek survivors of Smyrna. The Japanese Captain was Mr.Lou.
The fire completely destroyed the Greek, Armenian, and Levantine quarters of the city, with only the Turkish and Jewish quarters surviving. The thriving port of Smyrna, one of the most commercially active in the region, was burned to the ground. Some 150,000–200,000 Greek refugees were evacuated, while approximately 30,000 able-bodied Greek and Armenian men were deported to the interior. Many of them dying under the harsh conditions or executed along the way.