Field Trip Code CR001: A Magnificent Trail to Gondwana Geology, Nature and Heritage: Satpura Basin of Central India!!
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Trip overview: The Satpura Basin in Central India is unique among all the Indian Gondwana basins by having the longest range of stratigraphic record spanning from Upper Carboniferous to Cretaceous. It is the westernmost Gondwana basin that is located over the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ) and forms an ENE–WSW trending linear tract between Son–Narmada North Fault in the north and Central Indian Shear Zone in the south. The basin is approximately 200km long and 60km wide and is believed to be originated as pull-apart basin due to extension related to strike-slip movement along Son-Narmada Lineament. The Field trip proposes a journey of nearly 200 Ma across Satpura basin to show stunning sedimentological features of entire Gondwana sequence of nearly 5km thickness, from early Permian Talchir Formation to Lower cretaceous Jabalpur Formation.
Geo-tourism spots: Patalkot valley, Pachmarhi hill station, Satpura National Park, Bhimbetka caves and Sanchi Buddhist Stupa etc.
My fascination for our natural world is enduring. And when I met a younger fellow biology enthusiast this evening, it re-tuned my radar for stories about life on Earth.
According to a study published this week in Scientific Reports, there's evidence of fossilized marine animals called trilobites lining up one-by-one about 480 million years ago, when complex life was still coming of age on Earth.
The New York Times dubbed it an ancient conga line...formed possibly in response to environmental stress, or a group migration to spawning grounds.
And as I now watch the UK parliament debate the latest Brexit deal in a Super Saturday session, I can't help drawing parallels and contrasts between the two phenomena.
Scientists see the 480-million-year-old trilobites as a historical example of complex social behavior...of living things innately wanting and needing to flock together.
Now we see a country like the UK, arguably at the epitome of modern civilization, choosing to leave its regional (geopolitical) band and play a singular tune.
We live in curious times, to be sure. I wonder what the ancient trilobites might say about it all.
The ancestor form of the tree of evolution and other australopithecus. They lived 4-2 million years ago. they are very small. It is between 1.20-1.40 and the brain volumes are around 350-500 cm³. it is estimated that they walk upright in today's sense of standing upright.
The eyebrow belts are quite prominent and the cheekbones are large and firm.
🖐🏻🖐🏻🖐🏻👉🏻Como muchos me pedisteis un vídeo sobre fósiles, estad atentos al canal de youtube porque en un rato subiré uno de un bosque lleno de caracoles del Eoceno 🐌
De mientras os dejo un vídeo que grabé ayer en el mismo lugar donde encontré el erizo de mar que he publicado antes por aquí 😄
Para recibir la notificación cuando se publique el vídeo de youtube recordad darle a "suscribir" y apretar el icono de la campanita que hay al lado.
Espero que os guste! 😘
#Starfish are #marine#invertebrates They typically have a central disc and #five_arms though some species have a larger number of arms. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, and is covered with overlapping plates. Many species are brightly coloured in various shades of red or orange, while others are blue, grey or brown. Starfish have tube feet operated by a hydraulic system and a mouth at the centre of the oral or lower surface. They are opportunistic feeders and are mostly predators on benthic #invertebrates Several species have specialized feeding behaviours including eversion of their stomachs and suspension feeding. They have complex life cycles and can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most can regenerate damaged parts or lost arms and they can shed arms as a means of defence. The Asteroidea occupy several significant ecological roles. Starfish, such as the ochre sea star (Pisaster ochraceus) and the reef sea star (Stichaster australis), have become widely known as examples of the keystone species concept in ecology. The tropical crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) is a voracious predator of coral throughout the Indo-Pacific region, and the northern Pacific sea star is considered to be one of the world's 100 worst invasive species. The #fossil record for starfish is #ancient dating back to the Ordovician around #450_million years ago, but it is rather sparse, as starfish tend to disintegrate after death. Only the ossicles and spines of the animal are likely to be preserved, making remains hard to locate. With their appealing symmetrical shape, starfish have played a part in literature, legend, design and popular culture. They are sometimes collected as curios, used in design or as logos, and in some cultures, despite possible toxicity, they are eaten. #geology#geologist#sedimentry#sediment#paleontologists#paleozoic#fossils#life#animals#mesozoic#paleontology#fossils#life#devonian#paleontologists#lithostratigraphy#carboniferous#permian#iran#persian#persian_golf#usa
A 3.300 years old mummified remains of an Upland Moa (Megalapteryx didinus) found during an expedition inside a large cave system on Mount Owen in New Zealand.
Mumi kaki berusia 3.300 tahun milik Upland Moa (Megalapteryx didinus) yang ditemukan dalam ekspedisi ke jaringan sistem gua di Gunung Owen, Selandia Baru.
Alada Kore kichui bolar nei...
Shobar chena Gaan shobar prio Gaan..... Record korar por Mone Holo koekta jaega nijer Moto geye felechi 😋 Shobai shon/shono kemon laglo comments janio and Jodi ektu beshi bhalolege jae share Kore aro pach Jon ke shunio. 😎
Joy Rock...!!! 🤘
Meet Moeritherium, an early member of the elephant family. It lived between 37 - 28 million years ago in Northern Africa and inhabited freshwater swamps. It probably didn't had a trunk, but instead used a very muscular upper lip to feed on aquatic plants. Discover more about the Moeritherium at www.meetthefossyls.com
Borealopelta: ‘Sleeping dragon’ Fossil the Best Preserved Armored Dinosaur Ever Found 😲
Some 110 million years ago, this armored plant-eater lumbered through what is now western Canada, until a flooded river swept it into open sea. The dinosaur’s undersea burial preserved its armor in exquisite detail. Its skull still bears tile-like plates and a gray patina of fossilized skins.
The ancient fossil was accidentally discovered by machine operator Shawn Funk at a mine near Fort McMurray in Alberta, Canada, in 2011.
Further investigation revealed that the extraordinary fossil was a newfound species of plant-eating ‘nodosaur.’ The beast was so remarkably well preserved because its remains ended up in a river, possibly swept up by a flood, shortly after it died.
Its carcass was then carried out to sea where it sank to the ocean floor, becoming enveloped in mud which both preserved and petrified the nodosaur’s remains, giving the fossil the appearance of a sleeping dragon.
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Happy #fossilfriday !!
Since I missed last Friday I’ll share a bunch of fossils I found in the peace river in Florida from when I visited the area back in 2018. First is an osteoderm from a giant armadillo (Holmesina sp.), the next two are pics of my favorite fossil from the trip- a talon from some kind of raptor 🦅(true meaning of the word), last is a cool snake 🐍 vertebra I found.
Hoping to get back down to Florida this February. #fossils#fossilfriday#florida#peaceriver
0 177 hours ago
Baryonyx was found in England in 1986 by Charig and lived during the Cretaceous period. Baryonyx is one of over 30 life size animatronic dinosaurs at the Field Station. Come explore with us this weekend, 10am-5pm.