Mount Chimaera, from the Greek mythical beast Χίμαιρα, was the name of a place in ancient Lycia, notable for constantly burning fires. It is thought to be the area called Yanartaş in Turkey, where methane and other gases emerge from the rock and burn.
Yanartaş, (Turkish for "flaming stone") is a geographical feature near the Olympos valley and national park in Antalya Province in southwestern Turkey. It is the site of dozens of small fires which burn constantly from vents in the rocks on the side of the mountain. Directly below the fires are the ruins of the temple of Hephaistos, the Greek god who was associated with fire through his role as the blacksmith to the gods. Most people visit at night, when the fires are at their most spectacular.
In ancient times sailors could navigate by the flames, but today they are more often used to brew tea.
Kayaköy anciently known in Greek as Karmilassos, shortened to Lebessos (Ancient Greek: Λεβέσσος) and pronounced in Modern Greek as Livissi (Greek: Λειβίσσι), is presently a village 8 km south of Fethiye in southwestern Turkey in the old Lycia province.
The massacres of Greeks and other Christian minorities in the Ottoman Empire during World War I (1914-1918) led to the almost total depopulation of the town's 6,500 Greek inhabitants by 1918. These former inhabitants became propertyless refugees in Greece, or died in Ottoman forced labour battalions.